| Focke Ta 183
PM - 1/72 under $20 AUD
Simple injection moulded kit with the only major problem I recall being the canopy area requiring a bit of work for a good fit. Also reissued by Revell.
The photo below is John Clarke's nice effort on one of these.
And Mark Hernandez's version
The Last Year of the Luftwaffe. - John Clarke
The Project Aircraft
Focke-Wulf Fw Ta 183
The Ta 183 had its origins in a series of single jet
fighter design studies beginning in 1942.
There is much controversy over the correct designation on
of the Focke-Wulf projects, The study on the left has the heading of Fw
PVI in books like "Die Deutsche Luftrustung 1935 1945" and "Secret
German Aircraft Projects of 1945" but is given as Focke-Wulf fifth
design in "Luftwaffe Secret Projects".
By the beginning of 1943 the series of designs had got to the Fw PVI study. There were two aircraft with this designation, they both had the same overall configuration. The first had a HeS 011A turbojet engine mounted below a liquid fuelled rocket motor, and was planned to have a armament of 4 30 mm canon.
Fw PVI first design.
The second had the rocket motor removed, but was otherwise
the same configuration.
When the design study for the Fw PVI had been completed it
decided to move on as at the time it was not seen as a practical
possibility. This project may have reached the full size mock- up
Fw PVI second design.
The next study the PVII, did reach the full size mock up stage but due to the fact that it used too many scarce strategic materials, and was too complex, it was decided to cancel the project. This project and all the Focke-Wulf single jet engine fighter projects ( Fw PI to Fw PVII ) are listed under the heading Fw Ta 183 in "German Jet Genesis" .
Then came the emergency fighter competition in late 1944 and the need to produce a cheap rugged single jet engine fighter that used the minimum of scarce strategic materials. At this time the Fw PVI design was dusted off and presented in 2 configurations.
The Ta 183 proper is the child of the Emergency fighter program of late 1944. There were many contenders for this project, but only the Me P1101V1 was 99% complete when the war ended, and shipped to the USA after the war.
The only other one to be given the go-ahead was the
Focke-Wulf. The Fw Ta 183.
The first Ta 183 was the (Ta 183A or Ta 183/I or Ta 183 Entwurf 2, depending what reference book you have).
Detailed production drawings were ready and production was about to start just as the war ended. The first prototype Ta 183A was to be powered by the Junkers Jumo 004 turbojet with the HeS 011A turbojet to be used in production aircraft.
span 10 m
length 9.4 m
wing area 22.52 sq m
empty weight 2,830 Kg
loaded weight 4,300 Kg
engine HeS 011A rated at 1,300 Kp thrust
fuel 1,250 Kg
max speed 955 Km/h
armament 2 or 4 Mk 108 30 mm cannon & 500 Kg bomb
It was hoped to have the Ta 183V1 ready for its first flight in May 1945 with full scale production beginning in October 1945.
Fw Ta 183/I Entwurf 2
In "Secret German Aircraft Projects of 1945" it has the drawings and captions mixed up for the Ta 183A & Ta 183B.
The designation Ta 183 Entwurf 1 seems to refer to the Fw
Flitzer project not the Fw PVI which first had the designation Fw PVI
Entwurf 5 (This may be where some of the confusion noted elsewhere in
this article comes from), then some time after January 1944 it was
changed to Entwurf 2. Also I have a photocopy that has the Ta 183/II
design 2 with a caption Fw PV/3, which is also the name of a kit
offering from Unicraft.
The second Ta 183 was the (Ta 183B or Ta 183/II or Ta 183 Entwurf 3 depending on what reference book you have) it came in 2 versions with interchangeable tail assemblies. This is the first design.
span 9.5 m
length 8.75 m
wing area 20.02 sq m
empty weight 2,650 Kg
loaded weight 4,120 Kg
fuel 1,250 Kg
engine HeS 011A rated at 1,300 Kp
max speed 963 Km/h
armament 2 or 3 Mk 108 30 mm cannon
The second design is said to be the definitive design for
183/II but further work on this design ceased at the end of February
Fw Ta 183/II Entwurf 3 (first design Jan 1945)
Fw Ta 183/II Entwurf 3 (second design Feb 1945)
Modeling the Ta 183
There are a variety of models on the market at present of
Ta 183 in both 1:72 & 1:48 scale.
In 1:72 Scale
Both the Revell & PM offerings are from the same mould
are excellent kits, easy to build with no hidden snags. Both these kits
portray the Fw Ta 183/I and are injection moulded. The kit comes
originally from PM and consists of 22 parts all on a single sprue, plus
a canopy and decals. The decals on the Revell offering are far superior
than the ones that come with the PM version.
There is a kit available of the Fw Ta 183/II (first design) from Unicraft although I have not seen this particular kit, normally Unicraft kits are only for experienced modellers & take much time and effort to turn out a presentable model. The kit is called Fw.PV/3? but appear's to look a lot like the Fw Ta 183/II (first design).
The one from Planet,which has on the box top Fw Entwurf 3, is the Fw Ta 183/II (second design).The kit is another fine piece of state of the art resin moulding, consisting of 24 parts and a vacuum formed canopy. The kit shows some engine detail which is visible through the open undercarriage doors. Otherwise this is another relatively easy kit.
There is also Ta 183A kit by Arba (Which most probably is no longer available), and a vacuum formed one by Airmodel.
In 1:48 scale
There is a Ta 183A in resin from Arba.
There was another poorly documented project from
Focke-Wulf that had the same configuration as the Ta 183/I. This was
the Fw Super TL.
span 11 m
length 10 m
engine Junkers Jumo 004C
armament 2 Mk 108 30 mm cannon
Reference books used.
LUFTWAFFE SECRET PROJECTS FIGHTERS 1939-1945
GERMAN JET GENESIS
DIE DEUTSCHE LUFTRUSTUNG 1935-1945
SECRET GERMAN AIRCRAFT PROJECTS OF 1945
GERMAN AIRCRAFT of the SECOND WORLD WAR
JET PLANES OF THE THIRD REICH (excerpts kindly supplied by JUSTO MIRANDA of REICHDREAMS).
Thank you also Dan Johnson for checking this article.
Any comments to John Clarke email
I have just been told that in David Myhra's new Horten book he says that the Russians produced several Fw Ta 183 and flew them after the war!